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b 1926—died 1997. Heilig studied philosophy at the University of Chicago (USA). In 1950 he obtained a degree in film direction at the Centro Experimentale di Cinema in Rome (Italy). In 1958 he completed a master’s course in communication arts at the University of Pennsylvania (USA). In the late 1950s, the filmmaker, cameraman and inventor began doing research on machines able to simulate how human experience surroundings. In 1962, inspired by 3-D movies and Cinerama, Heilig presented the multisensorial «Sensorama,» which combined film, audio effects, vibrations, air movements, and scents.