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League of Automatic Music Composers
founded 1977 at Mills College in Oakland, California, by Jim Horton, John Bischoff, and Rich Gold. With the help of the first personal computer on the market, the Commodore KIM 1, the computer's potential as a musical live-instrument was to be investigated. For the first time, through the networking of several regulated computer, the possibility showed itself of not limiting interactions between players to signals, but rather, through a data exchange between three computers, of directly intervening in the games of individual users, or to even derive a musical product from all the collected actions. Principles of biological and social systems served as the structural model. The «League» was dissolved in 1983, with John Bischoff and Tim Perkis further developing the concept with Chris Brown, Scott Gresham-Lancaster, Phil Stone, and Mark Trayle, in the succeeding group, «The Hub».