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engineers focus more on logical connections than on questions of human communication; a map of such connections is not a spatial notion.
Beyond the cartographic metaphor, mapping means the setting-into-relation of data.  Digital navigation systems (GPS) begin to substitute the fixed traditional maps; dynamism replaces rigidity. The navigation metaphor itself implies the sea, which defies cartography (no territory; rather random). Let us redeem the notion of «mapping» from the cartographic metaphor and instead remathematize it (the media-archaeological perspective).