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Nam June Paik «German Pavilion: Marco Polo» | German Pavilion: Phase Shift
Nam June Paik, «German Pavilion: Marco Polo», 1993
German Pavilion: Phase Shift | Photograph: Dieter Daniels | © Nam June Paik
Immediately opposite the flickering wall of the 'Electronic Superhighway' is the Minimalist 'Phasen-Verschiebung': a return to the 1965 installation called 'Moon is the Oldest TV', in which a simple adjustment to one of the black-and-white televison tubes of the time produces an image that seems like a shot of the moon, and also appears in a sequence of phases when the deflector magnet is shifted.

 Nam June Paik
«German Pavilion: Marco Polo»

Nam June Paik was invited to represent Germany at the Venice Biennial with Hans Haacke in 1993. Hans Haacke used the central space in the pavilion and Paik used the two side wings and the exterior. The jury awarded him a 'Golden Lion'. Paik's central motif is the connection between Asia and Europe, which Marco Polo first described in his famous journey from Venice to Ulan Bator. Thus this figure represents Marco Polo's metamorphosis in an age of global media communication.